Vitamins for brain health
"One factor evidently important for neuronal health and function is the optimal supply of nutrients necessary for maintaining normal functioning of the brain."
-Nohajeri MH. Nutrition 31 (2015)261-275

Prevent brain atrophy
B vitamins (1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 12); vitamins E and C; omega-3; and all the essential amino acids

Brain atrophy is defined as shrinking of the brain. It’s caused by the loss of brain cells, which are called neurons. There are two types of brain atrophy: generalized and focal. Generalized brain atrophy refers to neuron loss throughout the entire brain, while focal atrophy refers to neuron loss in a specific region of the brain. People with a condition called mild cognitive impairment, and those further along with Alzheimer’s disease, have evidence of brain atrophy. Brain shrinkage is attributable to a nutrient-poor diet. The B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid [B5], B12, B6 and folate), as well as vitamins E and C and omega-3 fats can slow brain atrophy and prevent further decline in mental cognition. In order to make new brain tissue, the brain requires all the essential amino acids (L-leucine, L-lysine, L-tyrosine, L-tryptophan, L-phenylalanine, L-isoleucine, L-valine, L-arginine, L-methionine, L-cysteine, L-threonine, L-histidine). Each serving of The Brain Shake provides at least 68% of the daily requirement for each essential amino acid. Getting adequate intake of all of these nutrients each day may reduce the risk of contracting Alzheimer’s disease later in life. The Brain Shake contains all the vitamins, omega-3s, and essential amino acids that have been shown to be effective in maintaining normal brain size.

Prevent oxidative stress and brain damage - essential nutrients
Vitamins A, B, C E, zinc and selenium

Currently, one of the most plausible and acceptable explanations for the mechanistic basis of aging is the "free radical theory of aging." This theory postulates that aging, and its related diseases, are the consequence of free radical-induced damage to cellular macromolecules and the inability to counterbalance these changes by endogenous anti-oxidant defenses. In layman's terms, this is commonly referred to as oxidative stress of the entire body, but the brain suffers the most. Because it's so active, the brain makes a lot of oxygen-toxic particles in a very small place, so oxygen builds up quickly. When oxygen particles hit the brain and nerve cells, they become damaged and cannot regenerate or produce energy, leading to impaired cognitive function.

The Brain Shake includes essential nutrients known as anti-oxidants that can counteract oxidative stress. Eating a healthy diet allows you to keep an active brain and detoxify the oxidative particles. But people who consume a poor diet, particularly one lacking in essential nutrients, are unable to negate the toxic effects of the oxygen particles. Antioxidant damage is seen in patients with dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, confirming a relationship between a poor diet and impaired cognition. Moreover, people with higher blood levels of essential nutrients have lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease as they age. The Brain Shake contains all 43 essential nutrients, including B vitamins, that support healthy cognition, and antioxidants such as the essential nutrients vitamins A, C, and E, and zinc and selenium that negate the toxic effects of oxygen particles.

Protect mitochondria to prevent cognitive impairment
Acetyl-l-carnitine, alpha-lipoic acid, N-acetylcysteine, coenzyme Q10

Consuming a nutrient-poor diet for extended periods of time leads to oxygen-related damage to the structure of brain cells. In addition, the inside of the brain cell, the mitochondria, becomes damaged, and the cell can no longer produce energy for itself or support normal memory and problem solving. Patients with Alzheimer’s disease have damage to the structure of brain cells and lower energy production. In addition to consuming a nutrient-poor diet, a lifetime exposure to air pollution and stress from daily life place additional burdens on the brain.

Humans need protection against oxidation during aging to avoid cognitive impairment. Even with adequate essential nutrients, the human brain is poorly equipped to squelch all of the oxygen particles. Safe bioactive compounds such as coenzyme Q10, alpha-lipoic acid, acetyl-l-carnitine, and N-acetyl cysteine protect the mitochondria from oxygen particle damage and preserve healthy brain function with aging. All of these ingredients are found in The Brain Shake.

Support neurotransmitter production
Choline, vitamin B6, B12, riboflavin, vitamin C and certain amino acids (tyrosine and tryptophan)

Neurotransmitters are brain chemicals that communicate information throughout the brain and body. They relay signals between nerve cells, called “neurons.” The brain uses neurotransmitters to tell the heart to beat, the lungs to breathe, and the intestines to digest. They also affect mood, sleep, concentration, weight, and they can cause adverse symptoms when they are out of balance. Neurotransmitters tell your body that you should take your hand off a hot stove. The inability to make enough neurotransmitters leads to poor decision making and an inability to think properly or clearly. It would be impossible to drive a car; you’d lose the ability to make your reflexes respond in time to dangerous situations.

As we age, the amount of neurotransmitters we make goes down, further impairing cognitive function with aging. Starting with early adulthood, neurotransmitter production declines 10% per year. The decrease could be more for people who consume diets lacking enough essential nutrients.

The Brain Shake contains ingredients that support the manufacture of new neurotransmitters and counteract the effect of the deterioration of those already made. The essential nutrients that make neurotransmitters include: amino acids such as tyrosine and tryptophan, as well as choline, vitamins B6, B12, riboflavin, niacin, folate and vitamin C.

Prevent loss of memory and boost focus, and concentration
Vitamins C, E, B12, B6, E, C, D and omega 3

Some degree of memory problems, as well as a modest decline in other thinking skills, is a fairly common part of aging. These annoying senior moments are the result of a decline in brain activity that shows up in the 50s and affects most people older than age 65. Scientists don’t know whether age-related memory loss is caused by decreased blood flow to the brain or loss of brain cells, but regardless, many different areas of the brain can be affected.

Selected essential nutrients are critical for normal brain function, including: chromium, selenium, zinc, folic acid, vitamins C, E, B12, and B6, pantothenic acid, thiamin, riboflavin and niacin. Other nutrients help slow brain aging and reduce the risk of impaired cognition. These are omega-3s, the B vitamins, and vitamins E, C and D. Consuming The Brain Shake daily assures that you get all of these essential nutrients.

Keep neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's at bay
Phosphatidylserine (PS)

PS is a major component of brain cell membranes and is involved with brain cell growth and communication. It is so well absorbed and used by our bodies that it can slow, halt, or even reverse structural damage in the brain. PS has been studied extensively, and it has been shown to improve many aspects of memory and is found to make it less likely that we will develop dementia.

The benefits of PS are scientifically sound enough that the FDA granted it a Qualified Health Claim, which means that products containing PS may include a claim of benefit for treating dementia. Usually, only drugs can make disease treatment claims. The approved PS label claim is: "Contains phosphatidylserine. Consumption of phosphatidylserine may reduce the risk of dementia in the elderly. Very limited and preliminary scientific research suggests that phosphatidylserine may reduce the risk of dementia in the elderly. The FDA concludes that there is little scientific evidence supporting this claim."

Slow memory decline and plaque buildup

Epidemiological studies indicate that moderate consumption of red wine may lower the risk for Alzheimer’s and dementia. Moderate wine consumption may be an effective way to preserve nerve function and prevent memory loss seen in Alzheimer’s disease. Most of the focus in red wine is on a natural compound called quercetin. Since quercetin can cross into the brain cells, it may also interfere with the formation of a buildup of plaque seen in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. The Brain Shake contains quercetin.

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